Basic Science & Technology
(BS&T) is a free modular textbook for junior secondary or middle school students in tropical and sub-tropical countries. It is written in good, simple English and is suitable for students for whom English is a second language. BS&T covers the needs of most junior secondary or middle school courses in basic, combined, or integrated science and technology. It is based on research into science curricula world wide and on the author's personal experience of science education in Africa, Asia and the Pacific over a period of more than 40 years.
Each chapter (topic) comprises a sequence of one-page modules (sub-topics) that can be used alone or in sequence. All modules can be downloaded and printed from this website, individually or as chapters. They are completely free for students, and for teachers who wish to use them with their classes. Teachers are free to edit modules if they wish to do so. Supporting materials include a title page, a table of contents, short prefaces for students and teachers, two appendices (A. SI units, and B. Elements and symbols), a comprehensive glossary, a detailed index and a short guide for teachers. The latter includes concept maps for each chapter, hints on teaching each module, and annotated answers to end-of-module questions.
To find out more about Basic Science & Technology, visit about the book.
The advantages of the modular approach
The modular approach adopted in Basic Science & Technology offers the following advantages for students and teachers:
- Each module presents, in good, simple English, a concise, one page, summary for a particular sub-topic. This provides an excellent focus for both learning and revision.
- Many modules include simple activities to emphasise the practical nature of science and technology, and to help students understand and learn better.
- Almost all modules finish with a few questions to make students think about what they have read or done, and to help them understand and learn better. Annotated answers are provided in the Teachers' Guide.
- Individual modules can easily be edited by teachers to meet particular local requirements.
- As far as possible, modules are self-contained, so it is possible to omit less important ones if they are not part of the local curriculum, or if the teacher considers them non-essential.
- Extra modules (sub-topics) can easily be added. The teacher can write his or her own, or can ask the author to do so. If you want to contact the author, use the feedback form on the downloading page.
All essential materials for Basic Science & Technology have been written in Microsoft Word 2003. In order to download successfully, you will need Word 2003 or a more recent version (alternatively the freely available Word Reader) on your computer. Unless otherwise indicated, each module occupies a single A4 page.
Downloading has been made very simple. To find out more, proceed to Downloads.